On the cusp of the fourth decade of the AIDS epidemic, the authors argue that the spread of HIV has been halted and being reversed as fewer people are being infected with HIV and more people have access to treatment. Other key findings of the report are:
*HIV prevention works - new HIV infections are declining in many countries most affected by the HIV epidemic.
*virtual elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV is possible.
*protecting women and girls from HIV means protecting against gender-based violence and promoting economic independence from older men.
*human rights are increasingly a part of national strategies.
*increasingly, countries with heavy HIV burdens are assuming their responsibilities to resource the response to the degree that their means permit.
The authors conclude that despite extensive progress against a number of indicators on the global scale, many countries will fail to achieve Millennium Development Goal 6 that seeks to halt and reverse the spread of HIV. In light of this realisation, the authors call for increased efforts to stop infections, save lives and improve the quality of life of people living with HIV.